Foundations Ch. 1 Foundations Exam 1

Question Answer
According to Benner, an expert nurse goes through five levels of proficiency. Identify them. Novice
Advanced Beginner
What are the ANA Standards of Practice? Assessment,
Outcomes identification,
Define nursing. (According to ANA) The protection,promotion, and optimization of health and abilities; prevention of illness and injury;alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response; and advocacy in the care of individuals, families and communities.
Identify the ANA Standards of Professional Proformence. Collaboration,
Professional practice evaluation,
Evidence based practice,
Describe nursing's code of ethics. The philosophical ideals of right and wrong that define the principles you will use to provide care to your patients.
How did Florence Nightengale see the role of the nurse in the early 1800s? As being in charge of a patient's health based on the knowledge of how to put the body in such a state as to be free of disease or to recover from disease.
What are the external forces that have affected nursing practice in the twenty-first century? Nurse's self-care
Affordable Care Act and rising health care costs
Demographic changes of the population
Human rights
Increased number of medically underserved
Explain compassion fatigue. A term to describe burn out and secondary traumatic stress, which impact the health and wellness of nurses and the quality of care provided to patients.
Identify the compentencies of the QSEN initative. Teamwork and collaboration
Evidenced-based practice
Quality improvement
Define the term genomics. Describes the study of all genes in a person and interactions of those genes with one another and with that person's environment
What is the purpose of Nurse Practice Acts? Provides the scope of nursing practice and protect public health, safety, and welfare.
The examination for RN licensure provides: A standardized minimum knowledge base for nurses
The value of certification is: That nurse may chose to be certified in a specific area of practice by meeting the practice requirements.
The goals of any professional nursing organization is to: Improve the standards of practice, expand nursing roles, and foster the welfare of nurses within the specialty areas.
The factor that best advanced the practice of nursing in the twenty-first century was: Better education of nurses
A group that lobbies at the state nd federal levels for advancement of nurses' role, economic interests and health care is the: American Nurses Association
Graduate nurses must pass a licensure examination administed by the: State Boards of Nursing
Autonomy Independent nursing interventions that the nurse initiates without medical orders
Caregiver Helps the patient maintain and regain health, manage disease and symptoms, and attain a maximum level of function and independence.
Advocate Protects patients' human and legal rights and provides assistance in asserting these rights
Educator Explains, demonstrates, reinforces, and evaluates the patient's progress in learning
Communicator Is central to the nurse-patient relationship
Manager Has personnel, policy and budgetary responsibility for a specific nursing unit
Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN) Four core roles: certified nurse midwife, certified nurse practitioner, certified registered nurse anesthetist, certified clinical nurse specialist
Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS) Expert clinician in a specialized area of practice
Nurse Practitioner Detects and manages self-limiting acute and chronic stable medical conditions
Certified Nurse-Midwife (CNM) Involves the independent care for women in normal pregnancy, labor, and delivery and the care of newborns.
Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) Provides surgical anasthesia
Nurse educator works primarily in schools of nursing and staff development
Nursing administrator manages patient care and the delivery of specific nursing services within a health care agency
Nurse researcher Investgates problems to improve nursing care and to expand the scope of nursing practice
Clara Barton Founder of the American Red Cross
Lillian Wald and Mary Brewster Opened the Henry Street Settlement,focusing on the health needs of the poor
Mary Adelaide Nutting instrumental in moving nursing education into universities
Mary Mahoney first professional trained african american nurse
Associate's degree Emphasizes advanced knowledge in basic sciences and research based clinical courses
Baccalaureate degree a 4 year program that includes social sciences, arts, and humanities
Master's degree Emphasizes research based clinical practices
Doctor of Philosophy rigorous research and theory development
Doctor of Nursing Practice A practice focused doctorate
In-service education instruction or training provided by health care agencies
continuing education formal, organized educational programs offered by various institutions

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